Dating hedgerows

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They may be woodland (assart) hedges, formed out of woodland trees/shrubs left as remnants after woodland clearance.

They may derive from scrub growing on boundaries between cultivated fields or they may be planted with individual or a mix of species. In some areas, large numbers of hedges were planted as a result of the Enclosure Acts, the bulk of which were between 17 and in some instances the hedge itself may be protected by the specific Enclosure Act. A formula has been developed for dating hedges based on the number of tree and shrub species per unit length. The number of tree and shrub species in a 30 metre length of hedge can indicate its age, with one species for each 100 years.

They are quintessential features of both our countryside and town gardens.

They have many different functions, from marking boundaries to managing livestock or as garden design features. This section covers: Hedges can originate in a number of ways.

6/12/2006 • Vietnam In 1999, the New York University Department of Journalism solicited nominations for the Top 100 Works of Journalism in the United States in the 20th century. This entry was nominated by New York University journalism professor and writer Mitchell Stephens, who described his submission as a “report for CBS on atrocities committed by American soldiers on the hamlet of Cam Ne in Vietnam.” In his book A History of News, Stephens claims, “The Marines, who faced no resistance, held cigarette lighters to the thatched roofs and proceeded to ‘waste’ Cam Ne.” The film and photos of Cam Ne were widely distributed and are among the most famous images of the Vietnam War. This article investigates the incident at Cam Ne from the perspectives of both the media and the Marine Corps. After the August 1964 incident in the Gulf of Tonkin between North Vietnamese torpedo boats and U. Those attacks were conducted by carrier-based aircraft of the U. In February, the Viet Cong launched a major attack on the U. In this round the United States would launch attacks from the air base at Da Nang to ensure the participation of the South Vietnamese air force.